Skip to content

Target 4

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

Target 12: Enhance Green Spaces and Urban Planning for Human Well-Being and Biodiversity

🤔 𝐖𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐝𝐨 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧 𝐛𝐲?

🌿 𝐆𝐫𝐞𝐞𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐛𝐥𝐮𝐞 𝐬𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐞𝐬: These are areas of vegetation, inland and coastal waters, generally in or near urban areas and other densely populated areas. The target specifically calls for the area, quality, connectivity, accessibility, and benefits from such areas to be increased to enhance native biodiversity, ecological connectivity, and integrity, as well as improve human health and well-being and connection to nature. This could be accomplished in various ways, including by creating new green and blue spaces, better managing existing areas for biodiversity and health outcomes, and ensuring that such areas are accessible to people.

🌿 𝐁𝐢𝐨𝐝𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐲-𝐢𝐧𝐜𝐥𝐮𝐬𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐮𝐫𝐛𝐚𝐧 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠: Urban planning is a technical and political process for managing the use of urban spaces. The Target specifically calls for such processes to be biodiversity-inclusive.

🌿 𝐌𝐚𝐢𝐧𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐠: The Target calls for mainstreaming biodiversity in the context of green and blue spaces and biodiversity-inclusive urban planning. Biodiversity mainstreaming is generally understood as ensuring that biodiversity and the services it provides are appropriately and adequately factored into policies and practices that rely on and impact it.

To learn more about all 23 Targets, please visit:

Get In Touch

For any inquiries please email

Subscribe to our newsletter

Be the first to receive our latest news and updates
Open chat
To join our mailing list please visit; and for any further inquiries please write to us at [email protected]