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Target 4

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Target 4: Halt Species Extinction, Protect Genetic Diversity, and Manage Human-Wildlife Conflicts

🤔𝐖𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐝𝐨 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧 𝐛𝐲?

🌿 𝐇𝐚𝐥𝐭 𝐡𝐮𝐦𝐚𝐧-𝐢𝐧𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐞𝐝 𝐞𝐱𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐫𝐞𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐞 𝐞𝐱𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐫𝐢𝐬𝐤: A species considered fully recovered is one that is both viable and effectively carries out its ecological functions across its original habitat. Additionally, conservation entails safeguarding and managing ecosystems, habitats, wildlife species, and populations, whether within their natural environments or in alternative settings, to ensure their sustained existence and natural conditions over the long term.

🌿 𝐌𝐚𝐧𝐚𝐠𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬: Efforts that aims to restore threatened species may involve various management strategies, such as reintroducing species into their habitats, implementing recovery measures like vaccinations and supplemental feeding, establishing breeding sites, and safeguarding seedlings through planting and protection. Additionally, ex situ conservation methods may be employed when necessary. Similarly, strategies for conserving genetic resources within species, including crops, livestock, and their wild counterparts, may involve ex situ and in situ conservation approaches. In the case of domesticated species, on-farm conservation is considered an in situ method.

🌿 𝐌𝐚𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐚𝐢𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐫𝐞 𝐠𝐞𝐧𝐞𝐭𝐢𝐜 𝐝𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐲: The genetic diversity of wild species provides the variation essential to maintain ecosystem stability, ensures benefits to people, and supports species survival and adaptation, linking explicitly to ecosystems and species.

🌿 𝐌𝐚𝐧𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐡𝐮𝐦𝐚𝐧-𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐝𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐞 𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐭𝐨 𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐢𝐦𝐢𝐳𝐞 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐟𝐥𝐢𝐜𝐭: Some types of human-wildlife interactions can be positive or neutral for people and biodiversity. However, some interactions can lead to conflicts, including over resources and space, resulting in adverse effects on human life, health, well-being and/or livelihoods. As a result of those actions and threats, humans may damage or eliminate wildlife, either intentionally or unintentionally. Many types of human-wildlife conflicts can be mitigated or avoided through appropriate planning, management and compensation measures.

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